When blinking, the glands in the eyelid will produce a little tear to moisturize your sense of sight and get rid of foreign objects from it. The production of tears becomes more when you yawn, laugh out loud, or cry. But, there are some people who may experience watery eyes continuously.
In addition to liquids that contain salt (tears), other glands in the eyelids also produce oil. This substance can prevent tears from evaporating too fast.
Causes of Watery Eyes
Watery eyes can occur when oil-producing glands do not work properly. This makes the tears evaporate quickly and makes them dry faster. Dry eyes are what stimulate excessive production of tears, causing watery eyes. Watery eyes can also occur due to a blockage in the tear ducts.
There are various conditions that can cause watery eyes, including:
- Weather or environmental factors around the eyes, such as smoke, wind, or excessive light.
- There are foreign objects or irritating chemicals in the eye.
- Eyelid inflammation.
- Infections of one part of the eye such as in conjunctivitis.
- Eyelashes grow in or out.
- Drug side effects.
- Certain diseases, thyroid disorders, chronic sinusitis, tumors, and Bell’s palsy.
- Side effects of radiation therapy.
Watery eyes are also related to age. This condition is common in infants and among people over 60 years old.
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How to Overcome Watery Eyes
Most, watery eyes do not need special care because it can improve by itself. But sometimes, this condition can be a problem that interferes with activities and a sense of comfort that requires special handling.
Here are some ways to deal with watery eyes adjusted to the cause:
- Compressing the eyes with a warm wet towel several times a day can overcome the blocked tear ducts.
- Eye drops can be used to treat dry eyes.
- Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat watery eyes caused by conjunctivitis or eye infections.
- If the cause is allergic, taking antihistamines can help overcome them.
- Medical treatment can be done to treat eyelashes that grow into or remove foreign objects in the eye.
- Your doctor may recommend surgery if a blockage occurs in your tear ducts.
Watery eyes in babies are usually caused by obstruction of the tear ducts. Usually blockage of the tear ducts in infants can improve by itself without special treatment.
But, you can speed healing by massaging the tear ducts using a clean index finger. Apply gentle massage to the side of your baby’s nose bone, near the corner of his eye. Aim the massage toward the nostrils. This massage can be done several times each day for several months.
However, if conditions have not improved, the operating route might be an option.
Actually treatment may not be needed if watery eyes do not interfere with your daily activities. However, consult an ophthalmologist immediately if you experience prolonged watery eyes accompanied by pain, eye redness, irritation, bleeding, bruising around the eyes, severe headaches, impaired vision, or even make you unable to see at all.